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This page will help you understand what all the fields of the account mean and how we calculate them.

GUI Row NameDB Column Name (dbo.Account)Description
-Cash

Value is changed by each trade.

Buy (long and close short): cash = cash - position current market value.

Sell (short and close long): cash = cash + position current market value

Q: Why we can't show it on UI?

A: Because it can be negative. (Example: Account balance is $1000. Margin rate: 20%. Trader opens new long position which is $2000. Cash = -$1000)

Day TradesDayTradesAmount of day trades. Check the FINRA explanation about what day trades are. Contains number of day trades during last 5 bussines days (including current).
Pending Cash-It is the amount of money that is reserved to provide a transaction. This reserve is withheld from Cash when an order is placed.
Equity Total-

Means your available money plus positions money if you will close it.

Equity = Cash + Long Stocks - Short Stocks. This formula provides Equity invariability when position is opened or closed.

Margin Equity-Source: AccountBalance SOD file; field 9
Close Equity-Source: AccountBalance SOD file; field 12
Long Stocks-

Shows the sum of PCMV* of long positions. When a price of any long position security changes, Long Stocks also changes.

Short Stocks-Shows the sum of PCMV* of short positions. When a price of any short position security changes, Short Stocks also changes .
Long Options-Shows the sum of PCMV* of long positions. When a price of any long position security changes, Long Options also changes.
Short Options-Shows the sum of PCMV* of short positions. When a price of any short position security changes, Short Options also changes .
Maintenance Margin-The minimum amount of equity that must be maintained in a margin account.
Option Maintenance Margin-

The minimum amount of equity that must be maintained in a margin account for options securities

Excess-

Amount of money available for withdraw or to open new positions.

Excess = Equity - TMMR - Pending Cash - Uncleared Cash, where TMMR - Total Maintenance Margin Requirement - the sum of margin requirements for all positions per account

TMMR = Sum of all positions MMR

fot Cash Accounts Excess = Cash - Pending Cash - Uncleared Cash - Unsettled Cash

 

Stock Buying Power-

Amount of money that you are avalable to buy stocks

Stock Buying Power = Equity - (MR% * CMV), where MR% - margin requirement; CMV - current market value

Case: Assume you have a margin account with a debit balance of $20,000, a current market value of $50,000 and a margin requirement of 50 percent. Your account equity is $30,000, which is calculated using the formula $50,000 - $20,000 = $30,000.

The account's stock buying power is $5,000, which is calculated using the formula $30,000 - (0.5 * $50,000) = $5,000. In this case, you have $5,000 in buying power that you can use to purchase new stock.

Option Buying Power-

Amount of money that you are avalable to buy options.

Option Buying Power = Excess * OMR, where OMR - Option Margin Rate and equals 1

Day Open Profit/Loss-

Amount of money (Unrealized Profit/Loss) at the trading session opening.

Day Close Profit/Loss-

Amount of money (Realized Profit/Loss) for previous trading session.

Net Liquidation Value-

Current value of your account

Net Liquidation Value = Long Stocks + Long Options - Short Stocks - Short Options

Pending Orders Count-Amount of orders with status "New" or "Partially Filled".
Uncleared Cash-Amount of uncleared funds.
Unsettled Cash-Amount of unsettled funds.
Day Trader Buying Power-Amount of avalible funds for day trader account.
Cash Balance- 

*Position Current Market Value - as for cash account this parameter shows the current cost of the position. PCMV changes when underlying security price changes.

**Base - a technical parameter that shows the balance between the initial cost of long positions and initial costs of short positions + account own money. This value may be negative. It means that the initial cost of long positions > initial costs of short positions + account own money. This parameter is useless for an account holder. But it uses by the trading system to calculate Equity.

Position's Price = Last Price * Quantity

 

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